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Blockchain and cryptocurrency have been among the hottest topics in recent times and for good reason. The world of finance is changing with the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum rising to the top, and fast. So, exactly what is Ethereum and how does it compare to Bitcoin? Continue reading for a closer look at ETH and the Ethereum Blockchain, ETH price, Ethereum Virtual Machine and ERC20 tokens.

What Is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a decentralized, open-source blockchain with smart contract features that can be utilized by developers, organizations, and businesses. Vitalik Buterin conceived the Ethereum idea (ETH) in 2013 and it is currently second to Bitcoin.

Contrary to what many may think, Ethereum wasn’t always the second biggest blockchain project as Buterin actually co-created it to help solve Bitcoin’s shortcomings.

Despite DApp development already in the blockchain environment, the platforms at the time did not work together. Buterin created Ethereum to unify these platforms as he believed it would be the only way to maintain adoption.

His published white paper in 2013 explains smart contracts which are automated unchangeable “if-then” statements that actually enabled the development of decentralized applications.

Ethereum vs Bitcoin

Ether and Bitcoin are two types of digital currency that may be purchased, stored, and transferred using crypto-wallets. Both utilize the blockchain and are decentralized, which means they are not controlled or produced by a central bank or any other authority.

Where Bitcoin was created as an alternative to fiat currencies and, as such, a means of exchange and store of value; Ethereum, on the other hand, is a programmable blockchain that has been used in many sectors. This includes debt financing, smart contracts, and non-fungible tokens.

How Is Ethereum Different From Bitcoin?

While Bitcoin and Ethereum are using a Proof of Work (PoW) system, Ethereum is moving to a different system called proof of stake (PoS) as part of its ETH2 upgrade. This set of interconnected upgrades will make Ethereum more scalable, secure, and sustainable. Here are a few other key differences worth noting:

  • A transaction on the Ethereum network may include executable code, whereas a Bitcoin transaction is usually only used to keep notes
  • Other distinctions include block time, which takes just seconds for an Ether transaction to be verified, but minutes for Bitcoin.
  • They also utilize different algorithms; Bitcoin uses SHA-256, whereas Ethereum utilizes Ethash. 

Building On Ethereum

The Ethereum blockchain has been described as a world computer since it hosts an infinite amount of decentralized applications which operate autonomously. It’s a decentralized network that runs smart contracts and apps using blockchain technology.

This may be utilized to administer tamper-proof decentralized financial contracts and applications that are powered by Ether, the network’s currency. Ethereum’s blockchain is known as a Turing-complete decentralized platform which means it can handle almost anything you can think of in terms of business and finance applications.

Despite Ether’s intention to complement rather than compete with Bitcoin, it has become a major competitor in the cryptocurrency market. As of November 29, 2021, there were 18,886,912 BTC and 118,545,259 ETH in circulation.

The Ethereum blockchain runs on a currency known as Ether. Anyone who wants to run an Ethereum mining program may mine Ether. On July 30th 2015, the Ethereum network was launched with 72 million pre-mined Ether.

Ethereum Virtual Machine

The Ethereum Virtual Machine is a software platform that allows developers to create decentralized applications (DApps) on Ethereum. This virtual machine is where all of the accounts and smart contracts for Ethereum reside.

The Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) is a virtual machine on the Ethereum network that allows anybody to execute arbitrary EVM Byte Code. Every Ethereum node contains an EVM implementation and executes the same instructions. As a result, Ethereum gives a worldwide computing platform that is not limited to any one computer or jurisdiction.

The Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) is what determines the rules for computing a new correct state from block to block at any given point in the chain. It’s this characteristic that sets Ethereum apart from other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

Ethereum differs from other blockchain-based networks with a second layer of functionality due to its smart contract functionality. This extra layer has been dubbed the “distributed state machine.”

The state of Ethereum consists of a huge database that contains all ETH accounts and balances. In addition, the state of Ethereum is also a machine state capable of modifying each new block according to specific criteria that can execute any sort of machine code.

The Ethereum Virtual Machine specifies the precise rules that tell the machine how to alter the state after each new block.

What is an ERC20 Token?

ERC20 is a protocol that was created in 2015 and was intended to standardize the rules under which Ethereum tokens function. This token standard makes it easier for businesses to create Ethereum tokens while maintaining their functionality inside multi-token smart contracts. ERC20 tokens work with the Ethereum Wallet, as well as any other Ethereum blockchain.

It is possible to invest in the cryptocurrency market without having a thorough technical understanding, but a basic knowledge of the current digital currencies may be beneficial. The ERC20 token standard is one of the most important concepts in the industry and is particularly essential to smart contracts and smart property since it governs a large portion of the space.

The ERC20 protocol is an Ethereum blockchain technical standard. The ERC acronym stands for “Ethereum request for comment,” and the phrase “request for comment” was developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It’s a method of passing technical notes and requirements to a group of developers and users using Ethereum requests for comments.

This technological standard establishes rules and procedures for Ethereum tokens and smart contracts, as well as steps to put it into practice. It’s easiest to consider ERC20 as a set of basic standards and capabilities that every new cryptocurrency launched on the Ethereum network must adhere to.

What Is The Ethereum Price?

A growing number of Ethereum-based applications will be released on the Ethereum network, which will likely drive up demand. With traders and early adopters focusing more on Ethereum than Wall Street’s financial sector, there’s a lot of excitement among developers and early adopters. Some of the Wall Street players betting big on ETH include Microsoft, IBM, HP Inc., Red Bull, UPS and JPMorgan Chase & Co.

The growing popularity of Ethereum is a testament to the fact that greater awareness of Ethereum is permeating throughout society, with investors taking note of recent developments in certain Ethereum-based tokens such as Ethereum Classic and Ethereum Cash.

While Ethereum is most popular for its native cryptocurrency, Ether (ETH), Ethereum is the blockchain that most people are interested in due to its ability to host decentralized apps. As of 17 February 2022, the price of Ether was USD $2,887.13 while Ethereum Classic was $29.88.

The price of Ethereum is anticipated to rise as its practical usefulness is realized, which will help further enhance the Ethereum brand and elicit demand for Ether (ETH) tokens.

How To Buy Ethereum?

You can’t buy cryptocurrency through a bank or an online broker, therefore you’ll have to use a cryptocurrency trading platform. On exchanges like GDAX from Coinbase, you may exchange Bitcoin or fiat currencies like the US dollar for Ether.

The various platforms have different fees, security measures while some may include additional features, so it’s always a good idea to do some research before signing up.

To join a cryptocurrency exchange, you’ll most likely need to submit personal information and verify your identity. You’ll be able to link your bank account or debit card to fund your account once you’ve completed this step.

The process of funding your account and trading fiat currencies (USD) for Ethereum is simple. Simply enter the amount of USD you wish to trade for Ethereum, which is usually done by purchasing shares in a single Ethereum coin. However, this will be determined by the price of Ethereum as well as how much purchase and what you buy will be displayed as a percentage of an Ether coin.

How To Store Ethereum

If you just have a little amount of cryptocurrency, keeping it in your exchange account is the easiest option. However, if you want to shift your holdings to more secure storage, a digital wallet may be preferable. There are many various types of digital wallets available; each has its own set of security features.

Conclusion

Ethereum provides an open blockchain platform that allows anyone to develop anything they wish! Any organization, individual or even yourself can deploy new untested apps at no cost. This can be used to create true peer-to-peer versions of services like Uber and AirBnb, where Ethereum would act as an intermediary for all transactions.

Since cryptocurrency is highly volatile, it may not be for everyone and you should make sure you have enough risk tolerance before you invest. If you decide to pursue investing in crypto, industry experts recommend the two most well-known digital currencies namely Bitcoin and Ethereum.

The good news is that Severus is here to help with experts to guide you through the process. You can buy, sell, receive, transfer, swap, earn and engage with DeFi protocols. The Severus app brings you the best of traditional finance and decentralized finance with the option of opening a crypto wallet.

We hope this guide on Ethereum has been helpful but if you need more information on how to buy Ethereum and crypto investment in itself, please visit the Severus website today!

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